Okay, you may have used a serum, but you actually have no idea what it is. Yes! You now know that it belongs to the skincare routine. And because you hear it everywhere, or have come across it, you have also purchased one. But what exactly is a serum? And what does it do?
In order to help you on your way, I will explain in this article what a serum actually is, and simply what it actually does.
What is a serum?
First, apply a serum after cleansing your face, but before using your face cream and / or oil. A serum consists of small molecules that penetrate deep into the skin. High concentrated ingredients such as vitamin C are better absorbed into the skin.
And so it is perfectly possible to tackle those ramparts and other problem areas.
Is a serum a moisturizer?
Yes this question is a bit tricky. Because just like with a face cream, serum also contains ingredients that restore your skin balance. But face creams are richer and create a top layer on your skin to seal in all those good ingredients. And a serum penetrates deeper into the skin.
How often do you have to use a serum?
Wel this actually differs per serum. On the packaging, they always state how often you can use the serum.
The difference between a water-based serum and an oil serum?
The biggest difference is that a water-based serum comes before your face cream. Because of this, it preaches deeper into your skin. While an oil-based serum comes after your face cream. In principle, it ensures that your face cream and everything that you have put under it stays on all day.
Is an essence a serum?
Actually yes! Just like with a serum, you also apply it after cleansing your face, but before your cream. And they also penetrate deep into your skin. The only real difference is in the textures. A serum is somewhat thicker and sticky while an essence is watery.
Why so expensive?
Well simple it is on the more expensive side because it contains pure or highly concentrated ingredients.
How long will it last?
Some ingredients lose their power or durability as soon as they come into contact with air. Ascorbic Acid (vitamin C) is an example of this. But nowadays technology is so great that they have found ways to extend the shelf life of products. It is of course best to store your products in a cool and dry place. Unless otherwise indicated. Most skincare products have a shelf life of 6 months to 1 year.
Is serum good for your skin?
Hell yes! First, you need to know what kind of skin you have, or which areas you want to tackle. If you know this, you can choose a serum with the right ingredients that can help your skin.
If you suffer from Acne, take a serum with vitamin C (increases collagen, restores skin and reduces inflammation). Retinol (also an antioxidant that reduces inflammation), Zinc (soothes irritations, regulates oil production), and Salicylic Acid (unclogs pores).
With dry skin, Vitamin E (antioxidant, protects cells against damage), Niacinamide (improves skin elasticity, increases group of molecules in the skin), Glycolic acid (exfoliates and relieves discoloration) and Hyaluronic acid (retains moisture).
For dull skin, use products with green tea extract, resveratrol and ferulic acid (increase the effectiveness of sunscreen, promote night recovery and cell healing).
Serums are very powerful, more is not always better! Powerful ingredients can irritate the skin, especially if you have sensitive skin.
Which serums do I recommend?
- The Ordinary Niacinamide 10% + Zinc
- Pixi Hydrating Milky Serum
- Estée Lauder Advanced Night Repair Serum
- Clarins Double Serum
- Ren Moisture Defense Oil